Results of Energy Analysis Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

Common energy concept

Final energy share by energy carrier (2008)

The Friuli Venezia Giulia region lies in the north-east of Italy, between the Alps and the Adriatic sea. One of the five Italian regions granted a high level of independence, it is responsible in large part for its own administration and legislation. The capital is Trieste and the territory comprises mountains (42.5 %), hills (19.3 %) and plains (38.2 %). The region’s economy is diverse and includes agriculture, manufacturing and building industries, commerce, tourism and others.

The Region has a high energy dependence, importing solid and liquid fuels, as well as natural gas that in 2003 amounted to 94.8 % compared to the national level of 91.3 %. However the growth of renewables has lowered energy imports at regional level, although they still remain rather high compared to other EU countries.

RES play a relevant role at regional level: hydro power is the first renewable energy source, followed by biomass and solar PV. RES at regional level increased remarkably in the last years, in particular solar PV supply and bioenergy consumption. The overall RES-E installed capacity amounts to 1 078 MW, 31 % of the total electricity capacity. The breakdown of total final energy consumption at regional level shows that energy demand in 2008 was primarily driven by the industrial sector (44 %), followed by transport (21 %), household (18 %) and finally commerce and public sectors (17 %). Regarding energy carriers, natural gas (methane) was the main one in 2008, followed by electricity, liquid fuels (oil), solid fuels and renewables. Natural gas is used in the industrial sector, in thermo-electrical installations and distributed into regional grids.

Hydro power will retain a dominant position

Electricity production by renewable energies (2012)

Looking to the future, hydro power will retain a dominant position in the RES-Electricity mix, however its future exploitation may be constrained by environmental factors. Meanwhile other RES sources, such as Solar PV and bioenergy sources have gained a market share. Solid biomass from forest, agricultural and waste sources have a remarkable untapped potential. In particular in the heat sector there is much potential from wood in mountain areas, as only one fifth of the annual forest increment is being harvested. Also crop residues can be used to increase the RES-Heat share.